Scientific Papers

Peer-reviewed publications from Countryside Survey are provided here as they are published. Publications are listed in date order, with the most recent at the top of the page.

Latest Publications from Countryside Survey (as of September 2017)


  • Tipping, E., Davies, J.A.C., Henrys, P.A., Kirk, G.J.D., Lilly, A., Dragostis, U., Carnell, E.J., Dore, A.J., Sutton, M.A., Tomlinson, S.J. (2017) Long-term increases in soil carbon due to ecosystem fertilization by atmospheric nitrogen deposition demonstrated by regional-scale modelling and observations. Scientific Reports 7, 1890. [doi:10.1038/s41598-017-02002-w] 
  • Gillespie, M. A. K., Baude, M., Biesmeijer, J., Boatman, N., Budge, G. E., Crowe, A., Memmott, J., Morton, R. D., Pietravalle, S., Potts, S. G., Senapathi, D., Smart, S. M. and Kunin, W. E. (2017) A method for the objective selection of landscape-scale study regions and sites at the national level. Methods in Ecology & Evolution [doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12779] 
  • Wood, C. M., Smart, S. M., Bunce, R. G. H., Norton, L. R., Maskell, L. C., Howard, D. C., Scott, W. A., and Henrys, P. A. (2017) Long-term vegetation monitoring in Great Britain – the Countryside Survey 1978–2007 and beyond. Earth Syst. Sci. Data 9, 445-459, [] 
  • Griffiths, Robert I.; Thomson, Bruce C.; Plassart, Pierre; Gweon, Hyun S.; Stone, Dorothy; Creamer, Rachael E.; Lemanceau, Philippe; Bailey, Mark J.. 2016 Mapping and validating predictions of soil bacterial biodiversity using European and national scale datasets [in special issue: Soil biodiversity and ecosystem functions across Europe: a transect covering variations in bio-geographical zones, land use and soil properties] Applied Soil Ecology, 97. 61-68. 10.1016/j.apsoil.2015.06.018 
  • Baude, M., Kunin, W. E., Boatman, N. D., Conyers, S., Davies, N., Gillespie, M. A. K., Morton, R. D., Smart, S. M. and Memmott, J. (2016) 'Historical nectar assessment reveals the fall and rise of floral resources in Britain', Nature, 530(7588), 85-88. doi:10.1038/nature16532
  • Henrys, P.A., Smart, S.M., Rowe, E.C., Jarvis, S.G., Fang, Z., Evans, C.D., Emmett, B.A., Butler, A. (2015) Niche models for British plants and lichens obtained using an ensemble approach. New Journal of Botany, 5 (2), 89-100.
  • Smart, S.M., Jarvis, S.G., Walker, K.J., Henrys, P.A., Pescott, O.L., Marrs, R.H.(2015) Common plants as indicators of habitats suitability for rare plants; quantifying the strength of the association between threatened plants and their neighbours. New Journal of Botany, 5 (2), 72-88.
  • Norton, L., Greene, S., Scholefield, P., Dunbar, M. (2015) The importance of scale in the development of ecosystem service indicators? Ecological Indicators (in Press)
  • Susan Jarvis, Hannah Fielder, John Hopkins, Nigel Maxted, Simon Smart, Distribution of crop wild relatives of conservation priority in the UK landscape, Biological Conservation, Volume 191, November 2015, Pages 444-451, ISSN 0006-3207,
  • Kimberley, A, Blackburn, G.A., Whyatt, J.D., Smart, S.M. (2015) How well is current forest trait composition predicted by modern and historical forest spatial configuration? Ecography 38, 1-10.
  • Rhodes, C.J., Henrys, P., Siriwardena, G.M., Whittingham, M.J. & Norton, L.R. (2015) The relative value of field survey and remote sensing for biodiversity assessment. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6, 772-781 doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12385.
  • Chris D. Thomas and G. Palmer (2015) Non-native plants add to the British flora without negative consequences for native diversity. PNAS vol. 112, 14, 4387-4392
  • Hulme et al. 2015. Thomas and Palmer fail to elucidate the genuine threat invasive non-native plants pose to the floristic diversity of Britain. PNAS, vol. 112, 23, E2988-E2989
  • Robinson, D.A. (2015) Moving toward data on soil change. Science Magazine 347, (6218): 140
  • Senapathi, D., Carvalheiro, L.G., Biesmeijer, J.C., Dodson, S., Evans, R.L., McKerchar, M., Morton, R.D., Moss, E.D., Roberts, S.P.M., Kunin, W.E. & Potts, S.G.(2015) The Impact of over 80 years of land cover changes on bee and wasp pollinator communities in England. Proc. R. Soc. B 20150294.
  • DeLuca, T.H., Glanville, H.C., Harris, M., Emmett, B.A., Pingree, M.R.A., de Sosa, L.L., Morenà, C., Jones, D.L. (2015) A novel biologically-based approach to evaluating soil phosphorus availability across complex landscapes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 88:110-119.
  • Griffiths, R. I., Thomson, B.C., James, P., Bell, T., Bailey, M., Whiteley, A.S. (2011). The bacterial biogeography of British soils. – Environ. Microbiol. 13: 1642–1654


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Papers from previous Surveys

  • Barr, C., Countryside Survey 1990 - an overview. Ecos, 1994. 15(3/4): p. 9-18.
  • Barr, C.J., Countryside Survey 1990. NERC News, 1990. no.15: p. 4-6.
  • Barr, C.J., R.G.H. Bunce, and O.W. Heal, Countryside Survey 1990: a measure of change. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, 1994. 155: p. 48-58.
  • Barr, C.J., R.G.H. Bunce, and T.W. Parr, Countryside Survey 1990. Annual Report of the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 1994. 1993-1994: p. 20-26.
  • Barr, C.J. and M.K. Gillespie, Estimating hedgerow length and pattern characteristics in Great Britain using Countryside Survey data. Journal of Environmental Management, 2000. 60: p. 23-32.
  • Firbank, Countryside Survey 2000. Editorial. Journal of Environmental Management, 2003. 67: p. 205.
  • Firbank, L.G., et al., Assessing stock and change in land cover and biodiversity in GB: an introduction to the Countryside Survey 2000. Journal of Environmental Management, 2003. 67: p. 207-218.
  • Fuller, R.M., B.K. Wyatt, and C.J. Barr, Countryside survey from ground and space: different perspectives, complementary results. Journal of Environmental Management, 1998. 54: p. 101-126.
  • Gillespie, M.K., et al., Linking satellite and field survey data, through the use of GIS, as implemented in Great Britain in the Countryside Survey 1990 project. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 1996. 39: p. 385-398.
  • Hill, R.A., Airborne imagery: what can this contribute to countryside survey? Countryside Survey 2000 News, 2000. Issue 5: p. p2.
  • Howard, D.C., C.J. Barr, and W.A. Scott, The validity of using Countryside Survey sample data from Great Britain to estimate land cover in Scotland. Journal of Environmental Management, 1998. 52: p. 131-146.
  • Howard, D.C., R.M. Fuller, and C.J. Barr, Linking ecological information recorded from ground, air and space: examples from Countryside Survey 1990. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, 1996. 5 227-234.
  • Morecroft, M., Year to year changes in vegetation. Countryside Survey 2000 News, 2000. Issue 5: p. p3.
  • Osborn, D. and I. Simpson, The Countryside Survey - a snapshot of Britain. Planet Earth, 2006. Winter 2006: p. 28-29.
  • Potter, C., C. Barr, and M. Lobley, Environmental change in Britain's countryside: an analysis of recent patterns and socio-economic processes based on the Countryside Survey 1990. Journal of Environmental Management, 1996. 48: p. 169-186.
  • Wallis, S., Countryside Survey 2000: a surveyor's view of CS2000. NERC News, 1999. 1999(Spring): p. p27.